With the ultralight is to fly like a bird!
Ultralight born
While Leonardo da Vinci of his time already trying to imitate the flight of birds with a system that replicates the beating of wings, ultralight has existed for thirty years. The ultralight is from the movement of free flight with the glider was the first actor. Hang gliding requiring relief to take off very quickly, some drivers have the idea of adding a small motor glider wings.
ultralight were the first pendulum, and is highly developed in the 80s.
The pilot qualification
To become a microlight pilot must obtain the pilot's ULM3 issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).
The diploma is valid for the class to which the microlight pilot was formed during the initial training.
Ultralight classes
Ultralights are divided into different classes, all of which correspond to precise specifications ( :
Class 1, les paramotors
An ultralight paramotor is a single-engine aircraft suspended by a flexible wing or parachute-type. It meets the following technical conditions:
- the maximum power is less than or equal to 60 kW for a car and 75 kW for a two-seater;
- The maximum weight is less than or equal to 300 kg for cars and 450 kg for two seaters
Class 2, pendulums
An ultralight is a single-engine aircraft suspended by a flexible wing which is usually hung in a motorized cart. It meets the following technical conditions:
- the maximum power is less than or equal to 45 kW for a car and 60 kW for a two-seater;
- The maximum weight is less than or equal to 300 kg for cars and 450 kg for two seaters, these masses may be increased by 5% in the case where ULM is equipped with a parachute, or 10% in the if an ultralight float. The parachute and installation meet technical requirements set by the Minister of Civil Aviation;
- the stall speed or the minimum steady flight speed in landing configuration (Vs0) does not exceed 65 km / h airspeed (Vc).
Class 3, multiaxes
An ultralight aircraft is suspended by a fixed wing aircraft. It meets the following technical conditions:
- the maximum power is less than or equal to 60 kW for a car and 75 kW for a two-seater;
- The maximum weight is less than or equal to 300 kg for cars and 450 kg for two seaters, these masses may be increased by 5% in the case where ULM is equipped with a parachute, or 10% in the if an ultralight float. The parachute and installation meet technical requirements set by the Minister of Civil Aviation;
- the minimum steady flight speed in landing configuration not exceeding 65 km / h in conventional speed.
Class 4, gyroplanes
An ultralight gyroplane meets the following technical conditions:
- the maximum power is less than or equal to 75 kW for a car and 90 kW for a two-seater;
- The maximum weight is less than or equal to 300 kg for cars and 450 kg for two seaters. These masses can be increased by 5% in the case of a gyroplane equipped with a parachute;
- the rotor load to the maximum mass of between 4,5 and 12 kg per m2.
Class 5, airships
A dirigible balloon lightweight meets the following technical conditions:
- the maximum power is less than 75 kW for a car or 90 kW for a two-seater;
- for a multi-these values are cumulative power;
- the volume of the envelope of helium is less than or equal to 900 m3;
- the volume of the hot air envelope is less than or equal to 2 000 m3.
Class 6, ultra light helicopters
An ultralight helicopter meets the following technical conditions:
- single engine with a maximum power is less than or equal to 80 kW for a car and 100 kW for a two-seater;
- The maximum weight is less than or equal to 300 kg for a car and 450 kg for a two-seater. These masses can be increased by 10% in the case of an ultralight float;
- the rotor load to the maximum weight is comprised between 8 and 20 kg/m2.
Number of practitioners in France:
The number of microlight pilots in France in 2002 was 7417.